Compared to many criteria in the National Target Program for New Rural Development (NTM), Environmental Criteria and Food Safety (Criterion No. 17) do not require large investments, but to succeed sub- Much depends on the awareness, consciousness, and responsibility of the government and the people.
Lessons from many localities show that, for criterion 17, if it is not continued to be implemented after the commune and district have been recognized as meeting the standards, the achieved results will lag very quickly … Improve quality of environmental criteria are issues that many localities are interested in.
Towards sustainable agriculture and rural areas
According to a report of the General Department of Environment (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment), as of April 2020, there were 6,297 communes (70.8%) reaching Criterion No. 17, an increase of 64.2% compared to 2010. Implementing Criterion No. 17, the awareness of authorities and local people on environmental protection (environmental protection) is increasing. Many localities have issued guiding documents, specialized management and mobilized the participation of many stakeholders in environmental protection, especially promoting the role of the community; focus on propagating and raising the awareness of society about environmental protection.
Waste management is strengthened and strengthened. Rural specific ecosystems have been restored, improved and improved, bringing significant economic and spiritual values to rural people.
However, the implementation of the contents of Criterion No. 17 still has shortcomings. Specifically, for the commune level, some indicators in environmental criteria are still relative, qualitative and not specific in volume, which makes it difficult to identify and assess.
Many indicators have an intersection between functions and tasks of industries such as: Indicators of clean water, food safety, waste water, solid waste …. Therefore, at the local level, there are many overlaps in the assignment of implementation, leading to many provinces assigning responsibilities for implementation that are inconsistent with the state management function, assigning inconsistencies between sectors from the central level to the local.
Maintain and improve quality
In order to improve quality and maintain sustainability Criteria No. 17, the Vietnam Environment Administration said that it will continue to improve the institutional framework, policies, regulations, guidelines and support to implement the contents of the criteria, environment in accordance with reality. Identify resources and manage the implementation process, increase the mobilization of social resources, attract and call for investment.
In order to meet the criteria of the National Target Program on New Rural Construction, some localities have stepped up the establishment of domestic waste collection unit, gradually reducing the situation of widespread waste disposal. However, the garbage collection in rural areas often stops at the transfer points, not resolving the whole problem of garbage collection. Moreover, most localities do not have any sorting and recycling activities. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has issued Circular No. 03/2016 / TT-BTNMT dated March 10, 2016 on national environmental standards. This is an important screening technical basis for the selected production and validation of incinerators from the early stages. At the same time, it is necessary to rely on specific conditions of each locality to deploy the application of appropriate technology.
The General Department of Environment recommends that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development should continue advising the Prime Minister in the orientation for the period after 2020, in which environmental and landscape criteria are considered as the priority focus first (both green and brown) to uphold the achieved results.
At the same time, it is necessary to continue developing in a sustainable manner, with criteria and design criteria for rural water drainage and wastewater treatment works; stipulating the rate of collected wastewater suitable to each region or region; regulations on environmental sanitation in the reuse of wastewater for irrigation purposes; building a model model for wastewater treatment in households and concentrated population groups as well as model development policies.
Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment